7 Medical tests that all women should have

7 Medical tests that all women should have
Why is it important for females to get regular medical check ups? Good habits — like not smoking, not drinking excessively, eating healthy, and exercising — are key to a healthy lifestyle, and these help us as a method of disease prevention. However, in addition to these healthy habits, there are different medical tests that all women must do to verify that everything is well in their bodies in a preventive way.

7 Health Screenings and Tests Every Woman Should Get

Today we talk about seven medical tests that all women should have. It should be noted that these tests are additional to those indicated by your GP in your routine annual checkup, in which blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, and urine, among others, are checked. This list of tests we recommend has been developed , based on analysis of the recommendations of different American medical organizations.

1. A clinical exam or self-examination of the breasts

Health Screenings and Tests Every Woman Should Get

These are done to detect any abnormalities in a woman's breasts. The doctor carries out the clinical examination, while the self-examination can be done by yourself at home. Ideally, the doctor performs that first examination so that he can explain to you how you should do the self-examination at home, touching not only the breasts but also the armpits. Although breast cancer may be rare in women under the age of 30 or 35, gynaecologists recommend that all women have their breasts checked annually for prevention, especially in women with menopause.

2. A mammogram

A mammogram

This is an x-ray of the breasts with an x-ray machine. This test is the most effective way to diagnose breast cancer early. Those who have already had it done know that it can be a bit uncomfortable since they put your breast between two plates and crush it strongly to get a good X-ray and detect if there is a tumour. The American Cancer Society recommends that women age 45 and older get an annual mammogram. And that, from the age of 54, this study be carried out every two years. Consult your gynaecologist if you feel something strange in your chest and want to have this study done before reaching that age.

3. A genetic test for breast cancer

This test should be done for women who have a breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer history. The test is similar to a blood test, but it looks for mutations in the BRCA gene, which stands for breast cancer, and indicates a woman's chances of developing this type of cancer. Be careful. Health organizations in the United States do not recommend home tests of this type, only those carried out in health centres.

4. A pelvic exam

It is a routine test that seeks to analyze the female sexual organs to detect cysts, fibroids and sexually transmitted diseases. The exam consists of three parts: a physical evaluation of the vulva, an examination of the cervix with a speculum (which is a device that allows the walls of the vagina to be opened), and a manual examination to evaluate the internal organs. It is recommended that, from the age of 21, you have a pelvic exam every year at your routine visit to the gynaecologist.

5. A Pap smear or Pap smear

This test is the best way to detect cervical cancer and precancerous lesions. It is done in a routine exam with your gynaecologist. It involves obtaining cells from inside the cervix using a spatula, which can be a little uncomfortable but is not painful. It is a test that should be done every three years in women aged 21 to 29 and every 3 to 5 years in women over 30 years.

6. A colorectal cancer screening exam

It can be done through a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy, which involves inserting a camera through the rectum to evaluate the colon. However, other less invasive tests, such as the faecal occult blood test. It is recommended that women ages 50 to 69 have these tests every 5 to 10 years. If there is a history of colorectal cancer in your family, you should have it done before you are 50.

7. A bone densitometry

What tests should a woman have

It is a test to determine the bone's mineral density or bone mass, which is used to detect the risk of fractures or to suffer from osteoporosis. Bone density is measured with an X-ray that looks at the level of calcium and other minerals in the bones. It is recommended for women 65 years of age or older, but if you have had these exams before that age, you should keep the checkups every 15 years.

What tests should a woman have

We know that some of these tests can be tedious, but remember that your health allows you to enjoy the life you lead. Listen to your body and get the necessary medical tests to stay healthy for you and your family.