Are probiotics effective against constipation?

Are probiotics effective against constipation?

Probiotics for Constipation.Probiotics help relieve constipation by enriching the microbiota and improving intestinal transit. They also relieve the associated symptoms and discomforts.
Yes, probiotics have been studied for their potential effectiveness in alleviating constipation. Constipation is a common digestive issue characterized by infrequent bowel movements, difficulty passing stools, and a sense of incomplete evacuation.

What are probiotics?

What are probiotics?

Probiotics are a group of microorganisms made up of bacteria, yeasts and fungi.
They constitute the different microbiota of the human body, such as the cutaneous, oral or even intestinal microbiota. They feed on prebiotics, a type of fibre they are often confused with.

They are primarily responsible for protecting the environment they develop and maintaining its balance.

Thus, they improve the immunity of cells within the microbiota. In addition, they reinforce the barrier function of the mucous membranes and fight against microbial attacks.
This explains, among other things, their benefits on acne and skin diseases.
Probiotics also have beneficial effects on the intestinal microbiota. In particular, they help relieve constipation, which results in difficulty in passing stools.

For this, they enrich the microbial flora and promote stool transit in the colon. At the same time, they improve the associated symptoms and discomforts: bloating, stomach aches, flatulence, etc.
Thus, probiotic taking would be interesting if you suffer from transient or chronic constipation.
You can find it in yogurt, brewer's yeast, and fermented drinks like kefir or kombucha. They can also consume in the form of food supplements.

How do probiotics help relieve constipation?

How do probiotics help relieve constipation?

The balance and enrich the intestinal microbiota.

These microorganisms are essential to the balance of the intestinal microbiota. Thanks to them, the good bacteria are always outnumbered by the bad bacteria.
Otherwise, an imbalance can result in digestive disorders, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation.

This study shows the link between dysbiosis (an intestinal microbiota imbalance) and constipation.
In addition to maintaining balance, probiotics enrich the flora already in place. Thus, they increase the population of good bacteria, thus improving intestinal microbiota composition.
This study shows the mechanisms of action of probiotics to relieve constipation.

Probiotics improve transit

In the case of constipation, the transit is slow and sluggish, and food has difficulty moving through the colon.
This results in less frequent, dry and hard stools. Consuming probiotics improve this transit and the passage of stools.
Indeed, they promote intestinal contractions, which allow food to progress to the rectum.
To do this, they regulate the pH to maintain an acidic environment within the microbiota.
This acidification is essential to peristalsis, that is to say, the muscular contractions of the intestine.
This study shows their beneficial effects on stool transit, frequency and consistency.

Probiotics relieve the associated symptoms of constipation

Probiotics don't just relieve constipation. They also improve associated symptoms and feelings of discomfort.
Indeed, this pathology can cause abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence or even a feeling of heaviness.
These microorganisms help restore well-being and intestinal comfort.
During this study, they improved the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, which is often accompanied by constipation.

Which Probiotics to choose?

Which Probiotics to choose?

Probiotics include several hundred different species of bacteria. The best known are bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.
Among them, some strains are very effective. This is the case of Lactobacillus Plantarum, which, during this study, improved stool consistency.

Thus, in case of constipation, favour the following strains :
  • Bifidobacterium lactis
  • Bifidobacterium longum
  • Lactobacillus plantarum
  • Lactobacillus rhamnosus